UPSC / IAS Preparation Notes: Gaurav Agrawal

Dear friends

As I promised and always intended, I am uploading here all my online notes for various papers of the IAS / UPSC exam. You may find some overlap here and there and some unstructured portions as well, but please forgive me for that. It has been a long journey with a lot of distance to cover so quality may have been compromised in some notes. Anyways, my idea here is to give all I have and help as many as I can in their journeys. Also, if anyone has any doubt or query regarding or whatever and wants to communicate with me, I am open for communication here in comments and also on my email: crazyphoton@gmail.com … If I can inspire and help even anyone of you to their destination, I would believe my purpose would be served. I promise I would reply to each and every single query, though it may take some time.

Thanks
Gaurav Agrawal.

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GS Paper Notes

GS Paper 2 Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/paper2

GS Paper 3 Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/paper3

GS Paper 4 Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/paper4

Social Issues Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/newspapersocial

S&T Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/newspaperst

International Affairs Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/international

Internal Affairs Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/internal

India’s Neighbors Affairs Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/neighbours

Environment Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/environment

Culture Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/culture

Polity Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/polity

Geography Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/geography

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Interview Preparation Notes

https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/interviewprep

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History Optional Notes (+ Ancient and Medieval culture part of GS Paper 1 + World History part of GS Paper 1 + Modern India part of GS Paper 1)

World History Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/historyworld

Modern India Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/historymodern

Medieval India Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/historymedieval

Ancient India Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/historyancient

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Economics Optional Notes (+ GS Paper 3 Economy Part)

Micro Economics Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/economicsmicro

Macro Economics Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/economicsmacro

International Economics Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/inteco

Indian Economy Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/economicsindia

Developmental Economy Notes: https://www.evernote.com/pub/crazyphoton/deveco

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PDF Format

Click here to download in pdf format. Thanks to Jaideep Saharan for saving them in pdf and hosting on his google drive.

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842 thoughts on “UPSC / IAS Preparation Notes: Gaurav Agrawal”

  1. Bhaiyya, I have doubts about how to start mains for this year. Let me 1st say my strategy…
    For GS I- I’m focussing on NCERT books only and with editorials of Hindu and current affairs.
    For GS II- Focusing on purely current affairs, Yojna , Kurukshetra.
    For GS III- Same. And also revising ny previously written articles newspaper cuttings, Focusing on Keywords etc

    Am I in the right direction? And how much writing practice is it necessary? I started to write from January and had a gap of 2 3 months for prelims. Please advise. I m stuck

    Regards
    VISHNU

    PS : Where are you bro? And do you mind if I ask you about police training ? I m trying IPS. Do they teach martial arts? What do they? Can you please say?

  2. thank u sir for notes …………
    sir i have a problem for preparation ….. at this time i am doing m a in english but my english is not good ……i have wish for being an I A S in class 12 …. but in lack of good guide line i am too much confused for subject …..for for start preparation ………

    1. Sister. First of all you must collect all the important news from newspaper of last 5 year and study Gk and Gs . Need to focus your optional subject

  3. Sir. I want to know that how can u solve the question if 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 added in three box and number can be repeated and answer will come 30 plz sir told me…..thank you sur

  4. Who the hell made this question ?
    + + + = 30
    By adding 1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15
    How will any body get the answers?
    And who gave the answer is very big fool and very big idiot bloody hell of this question and bloody hell of this answers

    1. 15) 15) () = 30 … Number can be repeated but dint said that all box have to be filled to get the result… Thinking out of box… Thank you!! But I don’t know the answer exactly.. May be the other one, adding all numbers repeating it getting 10 in each box to get d result… Thanks all

  5. (1.3.5.7.9.11.13.15) how do you solve this question. selecting three numbers from this and add three which’s equals 30. Please help to solve it.

    1. The best way to chose optional is what you have already studied in gradaution.. in your case whaterver science subject u studied… There is no short cut here… You have already invested at least 3-4 years in that subject of your graduation and passed the exam… why waste it…

      People from all backgrounds and subjects are clearing IAS and you should reduce your burden of studies by chosing an optional with which you are already familiar with… It will help you in many ways.. If you are doing graduation, it will boost your graduation marks, if you have already done your graduation, it wil help you in entrance exams for PG course, it will lessen your burden(UPSC will have lot of new material to be studied and that will require a lot of time and choosing a totally new optional and getting a grasp of it of 1st year Masters level is more tough than getting same level in your already studied subject)

      Rest, if you r totally not interested in your study of graduation, choose a subject which interests you most, cause then you will be able to read a lot with interest and comprehend things (but believe me, in any optional you choose there will be only 2-3 topics which will interest you, rest will be as boring as hell). So make a wise decision.

      If you r hell bent on chosing Pub Ad or History, chose the one which interests you. History has a disadvantage of being too lengthy, whereas Pub Ad questions are very twisted and you have to be on your toes reading many articles to gain insight into what is going on currently in Pub Ad as they questions are of dynamic nature. Also, no good faculty is available for Pub Ad(mohanty and Synergy used to have but they are now no more good in terms of dynamics introduced in the subject by UPSC after 2013). There are few books in Pub Ad and First paper is really tough these days.

      History, I dont think has any good coaching and you will be mostly dependent on yourself.

      If you are good at mugging up, History may be ur cup of tea as there is a lot of data to be mugged up. But remmeber the paper is analytical in nature so only mugging up wont help. Ability/skill to analyse with the help of mugged up data is very important.

      Pub Ad has advantage of having the least number of books, only 3 Standard books required (Mohit Bhattacharya, Prasad and Prasad, goyal and Arora and may be one more book depending on your taste) but then you will have to do a lot of work from reading newspaper and IIPA journals and making notes. No coaching material provides(till last year) any material on the dynamic part. But many do clear, but the percentage is the worst among all subjects.

      You can go through the notes given on this page links of History and see if it suits your taste.

      I think you are smart enough to choose ur optional, so i have listed pros and cons. Decision will always be yorus.

      Good Luck

  6. Sir, i m really a big fan of yours & i believe that you are my ideal personality.
    Sir i want to crack Civil sevices examination with good marks & i m pursuing b tech in Agriculture engineering from allahabad Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, technology & sciences & i m in v semester till now i have scored 8.93 cgpa.
    So sir how should I start my preparation .
    If u tell me that it will be very helpful for me Utkarsh Dwivedi

    1. Utkarsh, you are the lucky one.. You have the right Subject in grdauation/engineering degree to crack exam in IAS as well as IFoS and you are getting 8.93 CGPA, that means you have studied your subject very weill. You see, all the rankers are getting highest marks in their optional and fortunately for you, you have a good grasp on your Agriculture optional. Also, agriculture optional is also required in IFoS(Indian Forest Services) which ppl clearing prelims clear with minimal effort and since you have Agriculture, you can score way more than the normal kids who clear IFoS(they study only 10-15 days their optionals and only get through due to high GS Marks) and you can beat them there with your optional marks.

      Second… Develop Reading and Writing habit… Read opinion page of Hindu and try to make notes in at most 3-4 lines (ie compress 1200 words into around 50 words – most of the articles are easily reducible – some have a lot of points they may take 100 words – If u cant do this exercise on a daily basis, your notes for exam will be too bulky to revise)

      Then is the NCERTs – Start from Class 11th and 12th – If you lack basic concepts then go to Class 9th and 10th NCERT – if u still cant comprehend (which is highly unlikey) then go to class 6,7,8 NCERT Read Newspaper daily and get a clear understanding of all the debates going on around in the country(social, economic,political) and the world(International relations only which is a subset of World politics) – This will involve knowing about all the schemes that govt launches and their impact, advantages/positives, challenges, disadvantages/negatives and how to proceed forwards in a postive and constructive manner.
      While making notes make different headings for eg.
      1) Scheme Name and its objectives
      2) Background – why need for this scheme/what were previous similar scheme/ what lacunas led to making the new scheme
      3) What are positives of the scheme/who will it impact/What will it achieve
      4) What are lacunas/criticism/challenges/disadvantages of the scheme
      5) What to do to fix these lacunas/criticism/challenges and what alternatives can be used.

      The most important part is chosing the optional… For this I would suggest that since you are in 2nd year right now… u must choose the subject which u r having in your graduation(in your case Agriculture) as it will lessen your burden of studies and will help u in comprehensive preperation as well as good marks in college and help u in getting a very high rank as now a days optionals are deciding the fate of the candidates as everyone is scoring almost the same in GS and good impression during interviews as many interviewers frown on low scores and will avoid you from unnecessary questions such as “Why so less marks in graduation?” (unless of course if u r having EC or CS, then in that case choose a small optional such as International Relations/Political Science/something whose study material is easily available(and is not being butchered by UPSC such as PubAd or Geography) and study them side by side keeping in view the UPSC syllabus)

      If you follow this religiously giving
      Newspaper – 2hrs
      Optional – 2hrs
      GS/NCERT/Laxmikant/Spectrum Modern India/etc – 2hrs per day,

      then u will be in top 50(at least) of UPSC rank. Use weekends wisely. Sat and Sunday are holiday in most colleges, study 8-10hrs on those days. Keep them for Revising and answer writing practice.(You can get many old UPSC papers as well as Mock test series questions from net) Writing skills are very important.

      You have to learn to be concise and be able to write too much material in such concise manner that it only takes 160 words as many will take 200 words and not give enough material and then claim that paper was too lengthy. You have to be concise and to the point. If you digress, you will loose valuable time in exam and will not be able to finish the paper in time. In most of the questions 160-170 words is more than enough. If you have very good knowledge, only then go for 200 words. Many of my friends have gotten through with writing less than 100 words in many questions. The quality and not quantity matters. Give A class quality and u will get A class marks.

      And when u r appearing, just make sure that u attempt a lot of MCQs questions before prelims exam. In prelims exam, no one knows the answer to more than 60 questions.. yet many use elimination method and even if they are confused betwen 2 options they mark the first of the two(this gives them randomness and gives them probability of 50%, but if u go an try to guess between the two, u will 90% of the time pick the wrong answer as the UPSC plays on minds of the aspirants and give them two close choices and entice u to mark the wrong one and even if u have eliminated 2 out of 4, still u will end up marking the wrong one). So learning the guessing game is an important part of the strategy as most of the clearing students do that and many get as high as 180/200 marks in Paper 1 of prelims and believe me those who get that high marks do not know the answer to 90 questions. Its impossible. When u will go in exam hall, however well prepared u r, u can at max go as high as 55-60 questions at max and you are going to get 20% of them wrong. So most of them mark at least 85-90 questions to get above 115 marks which is the required marks these days.

      Follow these rules and u will surely qualify.

      PS: FB/Whatsapp/internet is your enemy. Stay away from it or u will waste a lot of time. They decrease ur efficiency by a big amount. One of my senior was not able to clear pre for 5 times in a row. And then he switched off all these distracting things and he got under 20 rank in his final attempt.
      UPSC has a lot of competition and u have to give urself to it completely to qualify it. 2-3 years of pain and lifetime of gain. Or else you wil keep wasting year after year with nothing to show after 6-8 years of preperation.

      Good luck

      1. Ossom sirevery nicely you describe the pros nd cons of Secrets of success, bt sir I want yu to ask may I take economics in graduation ? When I take PCM in class 11, (science stream)

      2. thank u sir u r really god’s gift fr evry1 be it we students or the people for whom u r wrkng…apki soch n desire to do something fr the society touchd my heart…there r very few ppl who really cares for d society …god bless u sir ..n plz keep helping us

  7. Sir
    I am b.a 1st year student with hindi medium and wanna start my prepration for CSE but dont know about the syllabus and how,where,when to start my prepration sir plz suggest me with syllabus and how to start……

    1. Syllabus – Go to upsc.gov.in. Download the UPSC notification. It has all the syllabus. Whatever the optional you chose, memorise the syllabus of GS 1,2,3,4 and your Optional in first two to three days. It will help you in weeding out the unimportant articles while reading newspaper. Make seperate folders in your drive for GS1,2,3,4 and Optional paper1 and 2 and then make folders on each topic given in syllabus. Take down important points in each of the files and folders. It will make things organised and help you get a comprehensive picture of each topic and help you in revision as well.

      Second… Develop Reading and Writing habit… Read opinion page of Hindu and try to make notes in at most 3-4 lines (ie compress 1200 words into around 50 words – most of the articles are easily reducible – some have a lot of points they may take 100 words – If u cant do this exercise on a daily basis, your notes for exam will be too bulky to revise)

      Then is the NCERTs – Start from Class 11th and 12th – If you lack basic concepts then go to Class 9th and 10th NCERT – if u still cant comprehend (which is highly unlikey) then go to class 6,7,8 NCERT Read Newspaper daily and get a clear understanding of all the debates going on around in the country(social, economic,political) and the world(International relations only which is a subset of World politics) – This will involve knowing about all the schemes that govt launches and their impact, advantages/positives, challenges, disadvantages/negatives and how to proceed forwards in a postive and constructive manner.
      While making notes make different headings for eg.
      1) Scheme Name and its objectives
      2) Background – why need for this scheme/what were previous similar scheme/ what lacunas led to making the new scheme
      3) What are positives of the scheme/who will it impact/What will it achieve
      4) What are lacunas/criticism/challenges/disadvantages of the scheme
      5) What to do to fix these lacunas/criticism/challenges and what alternatives can be used.

      The most important part is chosing the optional… For this I would suggest that since you are in 2nd year right now… u must choose the subject which u r having in your graduation as it will lessen your burden of studies and will help u in comprehensive preperation as well as good marks in college and help u in getting a very high rank as now a days optionals are deciding the fate of the candidates as everyone is scoring almost the same in GS and good impression during interviews as many interviewers frown on low scores and will avoid you from unnecessary questions such as “Why so less marks in graduation?” (unless of course if u r having EC or CS, then in that case choose a small optional such as International Relations/Political Science/something whose study material is easily available(and is not being butchered by UPSC such as PubAd or Geography) and study them side by side keeping in view the UPSC syllabus)

      If you follow this religiously giving
      Newspaper – 2hrs
      Optional – 2hrs
      GS/NCERT/Laxmikant/Spectrum Modern India/etc – 2hrs per day,

      then u will be in top 50(at least) of UPSC rank. Use weekends wisely. Sat and Sunday are holiday in most colleges, study 8-10hrs on those days. Keep them for Revising and answer writing practice.(You can get many old UPSC papers as well as Mock test series questions from net) Writing skills are very important.

      You have to learn to be concise and be able to write too much material in such concise manner that it only takes 160 words as many will take 200 words and not give enough material and then claim that paper was too lengthy. You have to be concise and to the point. If you digress, you will loose valuable time in exam and will not be able to finish the paper in time. In most of the questions 160-170 words is more than enough. If you have very good knowledge, only then go for 200 words. Many of my friends have gotten through with writing less than 100 words in many questions. The quality and not quantity matters. Give A class quality and u will get A class marks.

      And when u r appearing, just make sure that u attempt a lot of MCQs questions before prelims exam. In prelims exam, no one knows the answer to more than 60 questions.. yet many use elimination method and even if they are confused betwen 2 options they mark the first of the two(this gives them randomness and gives them probability of 50%, but if u go an try to guess between the two, u will 90% of the time pick the wrong answer as the UPSC plays on minds of the aspirants and give them two close choices and entice u to mark the wrong one and even if u have eliminated 2 out of 4, still u will end up marking the wrong one). So learning the guessing game is an important part of the strategy as most of the clearing students do that and many get as high as 180/200 marks in Paper 1 of prelims and believe me those who get that high marks do not know the answer to 90 questions. Its impossible. When u will go in exam hall, however well prepared u r, u can at max go as high as 55-60 questions at max and you are going to get 20% of them wrong. So most of them mark at least 85-90 questions to get above 115 marks which is the required marks these days.

      Follow these rules and u will surely qualify.

      PS: FB/Whatsapp/internet is your enemy. Stay away from it or u will waste a lot of time. They decrease ur efficiency by a big amount. One of my senior was not able to clear pre for 5 times in a row. And then he switched off all these distracting things and he got under 20 rank in his final attempt.
      UPSC has a lot of competition and u have to give urself to it completely to qualify it. 2-3 years of pain and lifetime of gain. Or else you wil keep wasting year after year with nothing to show after 6-8 years of preperation.

      Good luck

    1. no use of using paid version. 25 Mb per month is more than enough for UPSC aspirant for making notes.

      Good luck

    1. CSAT, you only have to get 33% marks.

      If you are an engineering student focus on the math/logic part. It has 40 questions. even if you do 30 out of 40, you are through.

      If you are an arts background focus on English and logic. English part has become very tough from last year(2015). And I expect it to be tougher this year. So, reading a lot of editorials and summarising the editorial in your own word(without watching the editorial) and then rereading to see what important point you missed will help you gain insight what you are missing. It will also help in GS preperation.

      Good luck

    1. Both Geography and public adminstration are being butchered…

      The best way to chose optional is what you have already studied in gradaution.. in your case whaterver science subject u studied… There is no short cut here… You have already invested at least 3 years in that subject of your BSc… why waste it…

      People from all backgrounds and subjects are clearing IAS and you should reduce your burden of studies by chosing an optional with which you are already familiar with… It will help you in many ways.. If you are doing graduation, it will boost your graduation marks, if you have already done your graduation, it wil help you in entrance exams for PG course, it will lessen your burden(UPSC will have lot of new material to be studied and that will require a lot of time and choosing a totally new optional and getting a grasp of it of 1st year Masters level is more tough than getting same level in your already studied subject)

      Rest, if you r totally not interested in your study of graduation, choose a subject which interests you most, cause then you will be able to read a lot with interest and comprehend things (but believe me, in any optional you choose there will be only 2-3 topics which will interest you, rest will be as boring as hell). So make a wise decision.

      If you r hell bent on chosing Pub Ad or Geography, chose the one which interests you. Both are being butchered these days, and Geography has an added disadvantage of being too lengthy, whereas Pub Ad questions are very twisted and you have to be on your toes reading many articles to gain insight into what is going on currently in Pub Ad as they questions are of dynamic nature. Also, no good faculty is available for Pub Ad(mohanty and Synergy used to have but they are now no more good in terms of dynamics introduced in the subject by UPSC after 2013). There are few books in Pub Ad and First paper is really tough these days.

      Geography has advantage of being a bit scientific(only the climate part, rest u will have to mug up). Also Geography is static subject. Not much new material in news and you can do it with standard books only.

      Pub Ad has advantage of having the least number of books, only 3 Standard books required (Mohit Bhattacharya, Prasad and Prasad, goyal and Arora and may be one more book depending on your taste) but then you will have to do a lot of work from reading newspaper and IIPA journals and making notes. No coaching material provides(till last year) any material on the dynamic part. But many do clear, but the percentage is the worst among all subjects.

      I think you are smart enough to choose ur optional, so i have listed pros and cons. Decision will always be yorus.

      Good Luck

  8. Sir, I rural area student from nanded (MH) my all education for Arts. My English is not good. What can I do. can I do for upsc. I study start now. I need for Giddens. So plz plz sir what I do?

    1. Everyone can clear UPSC…. a few years back, son of Rikshawala puller cleared and got IAS,

      The important criteria is persistance and Hard work… Its not a 20-20 match.. Its a marathan, a test-match… which requires long duration of studies of around 2 years (if u clear in first attempt)… this time will involve self doubt, depression, lonliness, seeing that your friends are going ahead in life with marriage, job, kids enjoying meals in 5 star hotels or going on fun trips with family and friends, pressure from family to get a job etc, while u r stuck with your UPSC preperation in some hole…. You have to ask yourself the question….

      Are u prepared to do the hard work and be persistent?

      If you can.. You will find ur name in the list.. If not, you will waste 6-8 years with nothing to show for it.

      1. First and foremost … Develop Reading and Writing habit… Read opinion page of Hindu and try to make notes in at most 3-4 lines (ie compress 1200 words into around 50 words – most of the articles are easily reducible – some have a lot of points they may take 100 words – If u cant do this exercise on a daily basis, your notes for exam will be too bulky to revise)

        Then is the NCERTs – Start from Class 11th and 12th – If you lack basic concepts then go to Class 9th and 10th NCERT – if u still cant comprehend (which is highly unlikey) then go to class 6,7,8 NCERT Read Newspaper daily and get a clear understanding of all the debates going on around in the country(social, economic,political) and the world(International relations only which is a subset of World politics) – This will involve knowing about all the schemes that govt launches and their impact, advantages/positives, challenges, disadvantages/negatives and how to proceed forwards in a postive and constructive manner.
        While making notes make different headings for eg.
        1) Scheme Name and its objectives
        2) Background – why need for this scheme/what were previous similar scheme/ what lacunas led to making the new scheme
        3) What are positives of the scheme/who will it impact/What will it achieve
        4) What are lacunas/criticism/challenges/disadvantages of the scheme
        5) What to do to fix these lacunas/criticism/challenges and what alternatives can be used.

        The most important part is chosing the optional… For this I would suggest that … u must choose the subject which u r having in your graduation as it will lessen your burden of studies and will help u in comprehensive preperation as well as good marks in college and help u in getting a very high rank as now a days optionals are deciding the fate of the candidates as everyone is scoring almost the same in GS and good impression during interviews as many interviewers frown on low scores and will avoid you from unnecessary questions such as “Why so less marks in graduation?” (unless of course if u r having EC or CS, then in that case choose a small optional such as International Relations/Political Science/something whose study material is easily available(and is not being butchered by UPSC such as PubAd or Geography) and study them side by side keeping in view the UPSC syllabus)

        If you follow this religiously giving
        Newspaper – 2hrs
        Optional – 2hrs
        GS/NCERT/Laxmikant/Spectrum Modern India/etc – 2hrs per day,

        then u will be in top 50(at least) of UPSC rank. Use weekends wisely. Sat and Sunday are holiday in most colleges, study 8-10hrs on those days. Keep them for Revising and answer writing practice.(You can get many old UPSC papers as well as Mock test series questions from net) Writing skills are very important.

        You have to learn to be concise and be able to write too much material in such concise manner that it only takes 160 words as many will take 200 words and not give enough material and then claim that paper was too lengthy. You have to be concise and to the point. If you digress, you will loose valuable time in exam and will not be able to finish the paper in time. In most of the questions 160-170 words is more than enough. If you have very good knowledge, only then go for 200 words. Many of my friends have gotten through with writing less than 100 words in many questions. The quality and not quantity matters. Give A class quality and u will get A class marks.

        And when u r appearing, just make sure that u attempt a lot of MCQs questions before prelims exam. In prelims exam, no one knows the answer to more than 60 questions.. yet many use elimination method and even if they are confused betwen 2 options they mark the first of the two(this gives them randomness and gives them probability of 50%, but if u go an try to guess between the two, u will 90% of the time pick the wrong answer as the UPSC plays on minds of the aspirants and give them two close choices and entice u to mark the wrong one and even if u have eliminated 2 out of 4, still u will end up marking the wrong one). So learning the guessing game is an important part of the strategy as most of the clearing students do that and many get as high as 180/200 marks in Paper 1 of prelims and believe me those who get that high marks do not know the answer to 90 questions. Its impossible. When u will go in exam hall, however well prepared u r, u can at max go as high as 55-60 questions at max and you are going to get 20% of them wrong. So most of them mark at least 85-90 questions to get above 115 marks which is the required marks these days.

        Follow these rules and u will surely qualify.

        PS: FB/Whatsapp/internet is your enemy. Stay away from it or u will waste a lot of time. They decrease ur efficiency by a big amount. One of my senior was not able to clear pre for 5 times in a row. And then he switched off all these distracting things and he got under 20 rank in his final attempt.
        UPSC has a lot of competition and u have to give urself to it completely to qualify it. 2-3 years of pain and lifetime of gain. Or else you wil keep wasting year after year with nothing to show after 6-8 years of preperation.

        Good luck

  9. Sir, I am a student of B. A. (political science, economics, history). in hindi medium. Sir, my question is that should i prepare for bank po first and after that i should prepare for upsc. I would like to told you my target is clear upsc examination.

    1. If your goal is UPSC, then focus on it. The late you join services, the less chances of you to climb the hierarchial ladder in the services.

      Unless you have any financial constraints and family compuslion, give 2 years of your full time to UPSC and then if you dont clear in first attempt, then may be take a job with less burden and prepare simultaneously. But first you need to get your basics right.

      Rest, its a personal choice. You have to weigh your condition and take decision accordingly. You r the best judge of yourself and your situation.

      Good luck

  10. Sir,will give csat next year 2017,so need your proper guidance in everything,and confused about optionals froms history,geography and economics.

    1. First and foremost … Develop Reading and Writing habit… Read opinion page of Hindu and try to make notes in at most 3-4 lines (ie compress 1200 words into around 50 words – most of the articles are easily reducible – some have a lot of points they may take 100 words – If u cant do this exercise on a daily basis, your notes for exam will be too bulky to revise)

      Then is the NCERTs – Start from Class 11th and 12th – If you lack basic concepts then go to Class 9th and 10th NCERT – if u still cant comprehend (which is highly unlikey) then go to class 6,7,8 NCERT Read Newspaper daily and get a clear understanding of all the debates going on around in the country(social, economic,political) and the world(International relations only which is a subset of World politics) – This will involve knowing about all the schemes that govt launches and their impact, advantages/positives, challenges, disadvantages/negatives and how to proceed forwards in a postive and constructive manner.
      While making notes make different headings for eg.
      1) Scheme Name and its objectives
      2) Background – why need for this scheme/what were previous similar scheme/ what lacunas led to making the new scheme
      3) What are positives of the scheme/who will it impact/What will it achieve
      4) What are lacunas/criticism/challenges/disadvantages of the scheme
      5) What to do to fix these lacunas/criticism/challenges and what alternatives can be used.

      The most important part is chosing the optional… For this I would suggest that … u must choose the subject which u r having in your graduation as it will lessen your burden of studies and will help u in comprehensive preperation as well as good marks in college and help u in getting a very high rank as now a days optionals are deciding the fate of the candidates as everyone is scoring almost the same in GS and good impression during interviews as many interviewers frown on low scores and will avoid you from unnecessary questions such as “Why so less marks in graduation?” (unless of course if u r having EC or CS, then in that case choose a small optional such as International Relations/Political Science/something whose study material is easily available(and is not being butchered by UPSC such as PubAd or Geography) and study them side by side keeping in view the UPSC syllabus)

      If you follow this religiously giving
      Newspaper – 2hrs
      Optional – 2hrs
      GS/NCERT/Laxmikant/Spectrum Modern India/etc – 2hrs per day,

      then u will be in top 50(at least) of UPSC rank. Use weekends wisely. Sat and Sunday are holiday in most colleges, study 8-10hrs on those days. Keep them for Revising and answer writing practice.(You can get many old UPSC papers as well as Mock test series questions from net) Writing skills are very important.

      You have to learn to be concise and be able to write too much material in such concise manner that it only takes 160 words as many will take 200 words and not give enough material and then claim that paper was too lengthy. You have to be concise and to the point. If you digress, you will loose valuable time in exam and will not be able to finish the paper in time. In most of the questions 160-170 words is more than enough. If you have very good knowledge, only then go for 200 words. Many of my friends have gotten through with writing less than 100 words in many questions. The quality and not quantity matters. Give A class quality and u will get A class marks.

      And when u r appearing, just make sure that u attempt a lot of MCQs questions before prelims exam. In prelims exam, no one knows the answer to more than 60 questions.. yet many use elimination method and even if they are confused betwen 2 options they mark the first of the two(this gives them randomness and gives them probability of 50%, but if u go an try to guess between the two, u will 90% of the time pick the wrong answer as the UPSC plays on minds of the aspirants and give them two close choices and entice u to mark the wrong one and even if u have eliminated 2 out of 4, still u will end up marking the wrong one). So learning the guessing game is an important part of the strategy as most of the clearing students do that and many get as high as 180/200 marks in Paper 1 of prelims and believe me those who get that high marks do not know the answer to 90 questions. Its impossible. When u will go in exam hall, however well prepared u r, u can at max go as high as 55-60 questions at max and you are going to get 20% of them wrong. So most of them mark at least 85-90 questions to get above 115 marks which is the required marks these days.

      Follow these rules and u will surely qualify.

      PS: FB/Whatsapp/internet is your enemy. Stay away from it or u will waste a lot of time. They decrease ur efficiency by a big amount. One of my senior was not able to clear pre for 5 times in a row. And then he switched off all these distracting things and he got under 20 rank in his final attempt.
      UPSC has a lot of competition and u have to give urself to it completely to qualify it. 2-3 years of pain and lifetime of gain. Or else you wil keep wasting year after year with nothing to show after 6-8 years of preperation.

      Good luck

    1. First and foremost … Develop Reading and Writing habit… Read opinion page of Hindu and try to make notes in at most 3-4 lines (ie compress 1200 words into around 50 words – most of the articles are easily reducible – some have a lot of points they may take 100 words – If u cant do this exercise on a daily basis, your notes for exam will be too bulky to revise)

      Then is the NCERTs – Start from Class 11th and 12th – If you lack basic concepts then go to Class 9th and 10th NCERT – if u still cant comprehend (which is highly unlikey) then go to class 6,7,8 NCERT Read Newspaper daily and get a clear understanding of all the debates going on around in the country(social, economic,political) and the world(International relations only which is a subset of World politics) – This will involve knowing about all the schemes that govt launches and their impact, advantages/positives, challenges, disadvantages/negatives and how to proceed forwards in a postive and constructive manner.
      While making notes make different headings for eg.
      1) Scheme Name and its objectives
      2) Background – why need for this scheme/what were previous similar scheme/ what lacunas led to making the new scheme
      3) What are positives of the scheme/who will it impact/What will it achieve
      4) What are lacunas/criticism/challenges/disadvantages of the scheme
      5) What to do to fix these lacunas/criticism/challenges and what alternatives can be used.

      The most important part is chosing the optional… For this I would suggest that since you are in 2nd year right now… u must choose the subject which u r having in your graduation as it will lessen your burden of studies and will help u in comprehensive preperation as well as good marks in college and help u in getting a very high rank as now a days optionals are deciding the fate of the candidates as everyone is scoring almost the same in GS and good impression during interviews as many interviewers frown on low scores and will avoid you from unnecessary questions such as “Why so less marks in graduation?” (unless of course if u r having EC or CS, then in that case choose a small optional such as International Relations/Political Science/something whose study material is easily available(and is not being butchered by UPSC such as PubAd or Geography) and study them side by side keeping in view the UPSC syllabus)

      If you follow this religiously giving
      Newspaper – 2hrs
      Optional – 2hrs
      GS/NCERT/Laxmikant/Spectrum Modern India/etc – 2hrs per day,

      then u will be in top 50(at least) of UPSC rank. Use weekends wisely. Sat and Sunday are holiday in most colleges, study 8-10hrs on those days. Keep them for Revising and answer writing practice.(You can get many old UPSC papers as well as Mock test series questions from net) Writing skills are very important.

      You have to learn to be concise and be able to write too much material in such concise manner that it only takes 160 words as many will take 200 words and not give enough material and then claim that paper was too lengthy. You have to be concise and to the point. If you digress, you will loose valuable time in exam and will not be able to finish the paper in time. In most of the questions 160-170 words is more than enough. If you have very good knowledge, only then go for 200 words. Many of my friends have gotten through with writing less than 100 words in many questions. The quality and not quantity matters. Give A class quality and u will get A class marks.

      And when u r appearing, just make sure that u attempt a lot of MCQs questions before prelims exam. In prelims exam, no one knows the answer to more than 60 questions.. yet many use elimination method and even if they are confused betwen 2 options they mark the first of the two(this gives them randomness and gives them probability of 50%, but if u go an try to guess between the two, u will 90% of the time pick the wrong answer as the UPSC plays on minds of the aspirants and give them two close choices and entice u to mark the wrong one and even if u have eliminated 2 out of 4, still u will end up marking the wrong one). So learning the guessing game is an important part of the strategy as most of the clearing students do that and many get as high as 180/200 marks in Paper 1 of prelims and believe me those who get that high marks do not know the answer to 90 questions. Its impossible. When u will go in exam hall, however well prepared u r, u can at max go as high as 55-60 questions at max and you are going to get 20% of them wrong. So most of them mark at least 85-90 questions to get above 115 marks which is the required marks these days.

      Follow these rules and u will surely qualify.

      PS: FB/Whatsapp/internet is your enemy. Stay away from it or u will waste a lot of time. They decrease ur efficiency by a big amount. One of my senior was not able to clear pre for 5 times in a row. And then he switched off all these distracting things and he got under 20 rank in his final attempt.
      UPSC has a lot of competition and u have to give urself to it completely to qualify it. 2-3 years of pain and lifetime of gain. Or else you wil keep wasting year after year with nothing to show after 6-8 years of preperation.

      Good luck

  11. Namaste,I have completed the basic books like lakshmikanth,spectrum,gc leong , ramesh singh and shankar ias notes..Now is it required to read the ncerts again?And if i go through the ncerts,Is it mandatory to read 6-12 or 11,12 would suffice?Apart from this,How do i study for mains apart from the prelims strategy..Thank you!

  12. Sir, I am from ajmer. I am 29 Yrs old. From last 4 years I have been working in Maharatna PSU. PSU job is not suitable for me. I want to prepare for CSE-2017. I am btech in E&C and M.Tech in Microwave Engineering from IIT. I have read so many articles for preparation but everybody tells something different. I am confused how to start preparation. I thought that Geography is good optional because it will cover GS also but you are telling that it is not good that much. Then should I take Electrical as a optional? Is it good to start preparation for GS & Optional simultaneouly? I have time constraint also. Only sunday off. How to utilize time? What may be the best plan for working aspirants like me? How to start & what to start is a big question mark??? Please guide.
    Thank you.

  13. Dear Sir ,
    My name is Anil Mishra I am working In a private company as manager . I am 24 year old and I am Thinking For IAS preparation from last one year. Kindly guide me for the Same

  14. Sir ,you are the true inspiration for the youths .your frank behaviour has touched so many hearts ..
    Sir , as I m pursuing b.tech from psit,kanpur ..I wanted to go for IIT but I couldn’t clear it..As you are from very strong background there is feel of quality and there is also..lots of supports from institute and alumnus..
    But to study from private institute there is not feeling of being engineer not help from institute nor friends as they are not aware of all these things …institute only focuses on making rules and regulations and to get selected in just Infosys which pays about 10-20 thousands rs.
    I have to just go accordingly but my goal is to crack IAS its my goal which not let me sleep ..I have started preparation from 1st year of my b.tech..
    I would be highly obliged the day I would meet u ..because one of my physics teacher told that if you want to clear any exam then u would easily clear if u meet and talk the person who has cleared it..
    So sir, plz give me some suggestions ..

  15. Sir, plz provide me any medium to interact with u ..sir ,plz support us in building our career

  16. Hello sir
    Me hindi midium se hu me bsc 2nd year cbz kr rha hu me upsc ki teyari sath me krna chata hu mene arihant ki book padna suru kr di he
    Aap ki help chahiye prilems ki teyari kaisr kru plesae sir help me .

  17. Sir, mera master degree complete huwa hai interior designing me.muje UPSC ki exam deni hai but subject konsa select karu I am totally confused.kya me civil engineering select kar Sakti hu. UPSC ka exam Marathi me de sakte hai sare paper .

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