This key is based on the paper given here: https://drive.google.com/folderview?id=0B9WywJBMvmgWRnNhWHlUR09zQ2s&usp=sharing … Have been told this is SET A
Friends, each year, after the exam, there is a substantial confusion regarding answer keys – various answer keys don’t match and students are left in confusion. So this year, me and Prem Ranjan ji (IAS rank 62, cse 2013) (https://www.facebook.com/Prem.Ranjan.Singh.1985 )have tried to come up with the following key after doing as much internet research as we could. Still there might be some grey areas and we are open for discussing these.
My personal opinion on the paper, I found it substantially tougher than last year.
Disclaimer: There is no guarantee for accuracy.
Q 1. Sustainabe Sugarcane Initiative (b) http://www.agritech.tnau.ac.in/expert_system/sugar/ssi.html
Note: 3 is incorrect because the article says in SSI, use of chemical fertilizers is optimized whereas the option says there is no use at all.
Q 2. Montreux Record (a) http://www.ramsar.org/cda/en/ramsar-documents-montreux/main/ramsar/1-31-118_4000_0__
Q 3. 10 degree channel (a) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Degree_Channel
Q 4. Programmes & ministries (d) http://www.gktoday.in/drought-prone-area-programme/
Watershed management programme is by Ministry of Agriculture
Q 5. BNHS (c) http://www.bnhs.org/about-bnhs.html
Q 6. Global Environment Facility (not fully sure) (d) http://www.thegef.org/gef/whatisgef
Note: GEF also has a Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) which undertakes scientific research on GEF’s programmes and gives scientific and technical advice to it. But not sure if this can be taken as GEF undertaking scientific research.
Q 7. Photovoltaic (a) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cell
The Wikipedia article clearly says 2 is wrong as photovoltaic produces DC. 1 is correct, and since there is no option like 1 and 3, so only 1 would be correct. Hence (a).
Q 8. Classical Language (c) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_India#.22Classical.22_languages
Note: Gujarati is not a classical language
Q 9. Dampa, Saramati and Gumti (c) Saramati is in Nagaland, so 3 is correct. Gumti is in Tripura, so 2 is incorrect. Since only option having 3 and not having 2 is (c), so our answer is c.
Saramati Peak: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Saramati
Q 10. Wetlands International (b) It is not an intergovernmental organization.
It is not an intergovernmental organization since many NGOs are also a part of it. Look at Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intergovernmental_organization to see definition of Intergovernmental organizations.
Look at this link to see the work of this organization includes field work and recommending policies. http://www.wetlands.org/Aboutus/Howwework/tabid/2728/Default.aspx
Q 11. BRICS (b) 1 is wrong as the summit was not held in Rio
Q 12. Diphtheria, Chickenpox, smallpox (b) Smallpox has been eradicated, Chickenpox still happens. So we need an option which has 3 but not 2. The only such option is (b).
Q 13. Continental drift and glacial cycles (c) Both affect environment and hence evolution.
Q 14. Gangetic dolphin (c) Crocodiles don’t threaten these dolphins
Q 15. Radcliffe Committee (c) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radcliffe_Line
Q 16. Brominated retardants (c) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brominated_flame_retardant#Environmental_and_safety_issues
Q 17. Hibernation (c)
Bats hibernate: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hibernation
Bears hibernate: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hibernation#Bears
Rodents hibernate: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hibernation
Q 18. Committee strength (b) http://parliamentofindia.nic.in/ls/intro/p21.htm
PAC 22 members
Committee on estimates 30 members
CoPU: 22 members
Petitions: 15 members
Q 19. Adding carbon dioxide (c) Photosynthesis absorbs CO2, rest all emit.
Q 20. Birds feeding on insects (b)
Painted stork is not such a bird. “They feed mainly on small fish” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Painted_stork#Behaviour_and_ecology
Common myna is one such bird for sure: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_myna#Food_and_feeding
Black necked crane is not such a bird for sure: “The cranes winter in lower elevation agricultural valleys where they feed mainly on waste grains.” https://www.savingcranes.org/black-necked-crane.html
Q 21. Mahattara and Pattakila (b) village head
Q 22. Lichens (b) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lichen
Q 23. Plants in Himalayas (d)
Oak is found.
For rhododendron: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhododendron#Distribution_and_habitat
Q 24. Steel industry pollution (d) all 4 are emitted
Q 25. Buddha and mahajanapadas (c)
Avanti and Gandhara were not associated with Buddha. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha
Q 26. Month long plantation festival (b)
Q 27. Sales tax (d)
Q 28. Venture capital (b)
Q 29. 12th FYP objective (d)
Q 30. Current Account (c)
Foreign assets will come in capital account. SDRs are foreign assets only. Only 1 and 3 are correct.
Q 31. MSF and NDTL (a) Used in context of RBI lending to banks.
Q 32. Bank saathi / BC (c)
Q 33. Purpose of statutory reserve requirements (b)
These reserve requirements are CRR and SLR. 1 and 2 are correct. 3 is incorrect. 4 is incorrect since the CRR amount is kept with RBI and banks can’t access it. Hence use of it as vault cash is not possible.
Q 34. Arab Spring (d)
Q 35. Arctic Council (d)
Q 36. Chechnya, Darfur, Swat (a)
Darfur is in Sudan.
Swat valley is in Pakistan.
Q 37. Agni missile (a)
It is propelled by solid fuel also and range is sub 4000 km.
Q 38. Coalbed methane and shale gas (d)
Shale gas is primarily methane, so 1 is wrong. Also it is found in India, so 2 is wrong
Q 39. Changpa (b)
They live in J&K
Changpa and Pashmina: http://www.swisscashmere.org/ladakh-and-the-changpa.html
Q 40. Guar (b)
Q 41. Coral Reefs (a)
Not found in sunderban: http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5627e/x5627e06.htm
Q 42. Soil erosion (b)
Terrace farming reduces soil erosion. There is no (2) and (3) option.
Q 43. Seasonal wind reversal (c) Monsoon
Q 44. Panchyatan (c)
Q 45. Rivers in Arunachal (b)
Barak river is not in AP: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barak_River
Subansiri river: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subansiri_River
Lohit river: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lohit_River
Q 46. Wetlands and confluence (a)
Harike (correct): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harike_Wetland
Keoladeo (incorrect): http://www.birdersinn.com/keoladeo-ghana-national-park.html (Gambhiri and Banganga river)
Kolleru lake: Musi river is in Hyderabad, Kolleru lake far away
Q 47. Philosophy systems (c)
Q 48. Hills and location (c)
Coromandal coast: Is in east Tamil Nadu
Kaimur hills is in Vindhyas
Mahadeo and Mikir hills are correct
Q 49. Anti defection law (d)
Q 50. Biodiversity and humans (a)
Q 51. Turkey location (b)
Q 52. SE Asia cities (c)
Q 53. 3 degree rise in temperature
2 is for sure, not sure about rest.
Q 54. Satyamev Jayate (d)
Q 55. Promotion of international peace (b)
Q 56. Integrated watershed Program (c)
Q 57. Planning in India (c)
2 is definitely correct, 1 is definitely incorrect. Only option left is 2 and 5.
Q 58. Cabinet Secretariat (c)
3 is the job of finance ministry
Q 59. Constitutional government (c)
India has constitutional government and both 1 and 2 are found in India
Q 60. Discretionary powers of governor (b)
2 and 4 are on recommendation of CM
Q 61. Decrease in interest rate (c)
This leads to increased investments as borrowings are cheaper.
Q 62. Allocation of business rules (a) 1 is correct, source given below. 2 is incorrect as all actions taken in the name of the president.
Q 63. No confidence motion (c)
Q 64. Neem seeds and oil (d)
1 and 3 are correct: http://www.discoverneem.com/neem-oil.html
Q 65. Photosynthesis (b)
Q 66. Biometric identification (d)
All 3 are correct. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biometrics
Q 67. Vegetative propagation (c)
2 is incorrect as if the parent has the virus, child will get too as it is merely a clone.
3 should be correct as It can be done without seeds and flowers etc. so no need to wait for any particular season.
Q 68. Cassini Hyugen, Messenger (b)
Cassini-Hyugen is Saturn
Q 69. Areca nut, mango, soyabean (d)
Soya in MP, mango in Maharashtra, Areca nut in Karnataka
Q 70. Which one is a chemical reaction (b)
Souring of milk is a chemical change. Sugar becomes lactic acid. http://www.answers.com/Q/Is_milk_souring_a_chemical_change
Q 71. Centre State dispute (c)
This is original and exclusive jurisdiction
Q 72. Transgenic crops (
Q 73. Maize (d)
Q 74. Crab, Mite, Scorpion, Spider (a)
Class of remaining 3 is Arachida
Q 75. Increasing number of judges in SC (b)
Q 76. Saris and ancient towns (b)
2 is for sure, 1 is not. Only left is 2 and 3.
77 National Highway D
78 International Agreement on Biodiversity C
79 Earth Hour C
80 Food chain sequence A
81 Partition of Bengal B
82 1929 session of INC B
83 Sattriya dance B
84 Saka era vs Gregorian calendar A
Q 85. Buddha’s image, Varah avatar, Arjun (c)
86 Gadar movement A
87 Kalaripiyattu marshal art D
88 Garba, Mohiniyattam, Yakshagana C
89 Buddhist famous shrines C
90 Beejak and Pushti marg D
91 Manganyar B
92 1858 Proclaimation A
93 Ibadatkhana C
94. Seed replacement rate (b)
1 and 2 are clearly wrong. There is a seeds policy and private sector is also present. Demand supply gap for quality seeds is likely to be true.
95 Ecosensitive zone D
96 Animal welfare board b
97 Vitamin and deficiency A
98 Nanoparticles D
99 World Economic Outlook A
100 Non Plan expenditure c